Sanjana Goswami

National University of Singapore


I am a tenure-track Assistant Professor at Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. I study the effects of international trade and technology on labor market outcomes. My research explores empirically the distributional consequences of trade and technology shocks on workers, firms, industries, and regions.
I received my Ph.D in Economics from University of California, Irvine in 2020. My dissertation was awarded the India EXIM Bank International Economic Research Annual Award for 2020.
Research Interests: International Trade, Technology Adoption, Labor Economics
Links: Google Scholar | Twitter | LinkedIn


Peer-reviewed Publications
1. U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock
with Brian Asquith, David Neumark, and Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez
Journal of International Economics, 118, 123-137, May 2019.

Available from ScienceDirect.
Download: Paper | Appendix | Programs
Previous version: NBER working paper
Abstract: International trade exposure affects job flows along the intensive margin (from expansions and contractions of firms' employment) as well as along the extensive margin (from births and deaths of firms). This paper uses 1992–2011 employment data from U.S. establishments to construct job flows at both the industry and commuting-zone levels, and then estimates the impact of the ‘China shock’ on each job-flow type. Using the two most influential measures of Chinese exposure, we find that the China shock affects U.S. employment mainly through deaths of establishments. At the commuting-zone level, we find evidence of large job reallocation from the Chinese-competition exposed sector to the nonexposed sector. Moreover, we demonstrate that the job-flow effects of the China shock are fundamentally different from those of a more general adverse shock affecting the U.S. demand for domestic labor.
2. Chinese Import Exposure and U.S. Occupational Employment
with Marco del Angel and Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez
World Trade Evolution: Growth, Productivity and Employment, edited by L. Ing and M. Yu, London: Routledge, 2019.

Available from Taylor & Francis.
Download: Paper
Abstract: Import competition has heterogenous impacts across occupations. This paper estimates the effects of import exposure from China on employment in U.S. occupations from 2002 to 2014. After obtaining occupation-specific measures of Chinese import exposure and sorting occupations in tertiles from low to high wage, from routine to non-routine, and from low to high education, we find that Chinese import competition reduces employment in lower-indexed occupations under each sorting criteria. The employment reduction in the lowest tertile of occupations occurs in Chinese-trade exposed and unexposed sectors, which suggests the existence of local labor market effects in the presence of a strong regional concentration of lower-indexed occupations.

Other publications
1. A Closer Look at Labor Productivity in Canada
with Jorge Alvarez, Yurani Arias Granada, and Kotaro Ishi, prepared for IMF Selected Issues Canada 2018 (IMF Country Report No. 18/222)

2. Asian Monetary Policy Forum 2023 -- Challenges for Monetary Policy in a World of Uncertainty
Special Feature A in Monetary Authority of Singapore's October 2023 Macroeconomic Review

Working Papers and Research in Progress
1. Automation and Employment in Chinese Firms
with Liu Tong
2. U.S. Trade Wars and Socioeconomic Outcomes
with Hina Usman
3. Adjustments to the China Shock across Productivity Levels


Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Recipient of LKYSPP Annual Teaching Excellence Award 2023
Member of the LKYSPP Faculty Teaching Excellence Committee (2023 -)
  • PP5801: Economic Analysis (Master in Public Administration core)
  • PP5406: Quantitative Research Methods for Public Policy (Master in Public Policy core)
  • PP5525: Understanding Global Trade and Asian Trade Policy (Masters-level elective)
  • PP5906: International Economic Development (Master in International Affairs core)
  • University of California Irvine (Teaching Assistant)
  • Money and Banking
  • Corporate Governance
  • Business Forecasting
  • International Money
  • Economics of International Business
  • Managerial Economics
  • Basic Economics

  • Curriculum Vitae


    Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
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